Portail des Humanités Environnementales

Gouverner le vivant - 3 18 novembre 2013

Séminaire Gouverner le vivant 2013-2014 - Séance 3. Frontiers of Commodification: State Lands and their Formalization. Nancy Lee Peluso (university of California - Berkeley).
Discutante : Monica Castro (Université de Lausanne)
18 novembre 2013 (14h-16h)
Lieu : Amphithéâtre de Paléontologie, MNHN, galerie de paléontologie, 2 rue Buffon, 75005 Paris. Métro: Gare d’Austerlitz.

Gouverner le vivant - 3

Abstract : Land formalization is the practice by which state administrators and managers of land document, legalize, register, title, and assign property rights in land through bureaucratic means. Whatever "kind" of property rights are established—private or state; common or individual—the process generates authority and power for the formalizing body—an agency of the state—and for the state as a governing institution as well. Formalization serves the purpose of making land, its uses, its claimants, and its transactions more visible, legible, and controllable to state authorities. Formalization is also a critical step in the production of a market society, in which nearly all social relations and socio-natural relations are commodified, and market relations subsume virtually all social relations. Formalization and its effects are important to understand needs because formal property rights are integral to nearly all global and national scale land transactions, and a prerequisite to international institutions’ recognition of any state, private, or non-profit land holdings.
This paper argues that state land formalization is located precisely at the intersection of national state power and a still-emerging global market society and lays the foundations for the opening of new frontiers of commodification, power, and dispossession in a world of market triumphalism. State territories are a relatively new frontier in this dynamic, globally uneven process of commodity production; many state lands are no longer spaces of rule and sovereign power but state property for commodification and investment.  State agencies and actors are turning state territories into new commodities, sometimes even transferring them to capitalist enterprises to benefit foreign, not domestic, interests. Using examples of state land transformations in Ethiopia, Cameroon, and Indonesia as case studies, we explore how different historical trajectories and moments of state land formalization have enabled contemporary commodifications and transfers of rights and access to state land.

La communication se fera en anglais et français, la discussion et les débats en Français.

Voir notamment : http://calenda.org/206133